Hunting, shooting and fishing have now become a consumptive forms of wildlife tourism that have ultimately resulted as a topic of interest for both to the tourism industry, and the stakeholder. For the tourism industry, hunting tourism is vital in terms of destinations seeking to advance this sector. While for the stakeholders, benefits for the environmental organizations, animal-rights groups, and the general public have boosted to the great extent. Hunting Tourism has specifically encountered several accusations related to the fact that under the umbrella of entertainment, the actions in particular are participating to the demise of several species. May practices of hunting tourism are regarded as unethical such as ‘canned hunting that takes place within fenced safari parks or use of dogsto catch animals. In addition to that, fishing tourism is also not appreciated by some experts claiming that the practice is too cruel.
While on the other hand, most of the peripheral and indigenous communities around the globe are planning n the strategies as what should be done to capitalize on consumptive forms of wildlife tourism. The article has specifically stressed on the wide-ranging issues encountered by the consumptive wildlife tourism among various parts of the world including India, Arabia, Europe, North America, Africa and Oceania. There are numerous unethical practices of hunting prevailing in different countries that is risking plenty of wild lives across the world such as baited bear hunting, trophy hunting of threatened species, and hunting for conservation. It is believed that these types of tourism practices build negative impact on the indigenous communities and wider societies. There are multiple researches available on all features of consumptive wildlife tourism that elucidates all tourism that comprises the planned killing of wildlife for sport purposes, and may incorporate the harvesting of wildlife products. In some parts of the world, the practices of recreational hunting, big-game hunting and safari operations, traditional/indigenous hunting,game-bird shooting, hunting with hounds, freshwater angling and saltwater game fishing are also common and arranged for the foreign tourists. It is believed that the facts discussed in this article will probably appeal to tourism and recreation academics and students,tourism industry operators, community tourism planners and wildlife managers.
Tourism and the Consumption of Wildlife
The increasing hunting tourism have numerous losses among which the habitat loss is the most serious. The unfortunate truth of the situation worldwide,mainly in Africa is that almost all of the places remained that can maintain the populations of huge and dangerous animals like elephants, lions, and rhino are already at surpassing their carrying capacity. The encroachment by the human population has gradually but steadily diminished the amount of land left that was appropriate for those species to live on. Ultimate, the situation has brought these animals into conflict with the human beings.
In the recent times, African species like elephants and lion are seen on vacation, which is quite surprising experience. However, surviving with them on a routine basis may not be the good idea probably when wild life like leopards and lions attacks on stealing the livestock or if elephants come to destroy crops. The fact is that when animals and humans come face to face, the wildlife always loses.However, there should always be properly managed hunting programs. For instance, the CAMPFIRE system in Zimbabwe is quite effective as it provides tangible benefits from preserving wildlife populations. In the end, they are the ones who ought to live with these wild lives. As it is said that, “if it pays, it stays.”. it is obviously much easier for the locals to tolerate crop and livestock hunted by the animals, especially when the locals are given the job assisting with the hunt. This way,if the hunters provides wild life with some of the meat from animals that are killed, it is returned in the same way with money from the hunt which is invested back in the community.
Hunting Is Good for Wildlife: Rewilding Farmland
The flip side of the coin demonstrate that following along the habitat loss track, hunting is sometimes beneficial too. Considering southern Africa that has initiated to observe a trend of landowner’s bewildering their farms and livestock by changing them into wildlife conservancies with indigenous flora and fauna. Beyond the fact that hunting pays better than farming, it is also evident that the native animals have tend to become more tolerant of drought situations and less harmful to the ecosystem than livestock. Therefore, hunting has been considered as one of the vital benefits to the environment. In recent times, numerous projects have been introduced by the governments that have ultimate resulted in a dramatic enhancement in wildlife populations over the past few decades.For instance, the Bubye Valley Conservancy is a one of the considerable examples of how hunting is conservation. In the year 1994, the 1,400 square miles of land that is currently known as the Bubye Valley Conservancy comprised of thousands of cattle, but absolutely no wildlife at all. The farmers have killed all the native animals to ensure safety of their cattle. Fortunately, the cattle are gone now and the land is home to the world’s third largest black rhino population, Zimbabwe’s largest lion population, a flourishing elephant population, and plentiful plains.
Difference between Poachers and Hunters
This is no doubt an unbelievable action towards wildlife conservation success together with a wonderful example of how trophy hunting can be advantageous to wildlife populations. However, construction and maintenance of the conservancy was evidently costly. There are numerous hunters that practice sustainable hunting in the conservancy. They are paid for anti-poaching patrols and return a huge amount of money to the conservancy and the nearby communities.It is also important to understand that Unlike hunting, poaching is extremely harmful to the wildlife populations. Ethical and well-regulated hunting has never resulted in wild life extinction but the poaching can. It is believed that huge numbers of animals in that poachers kill in an indiscriminate way makes them bad. In contrast, ethical hunters are trained enough to select older males for hunting but poachers make no difference among killing wild life whether it be old males, young males, females, and babies. The action of poachers is said to be damaging to animal populations.