Addiction is a complex disorder, but nearly a century of scientific study has aid researchers come to a deeper understanding about how it effects and it’s working. This research has culminated in an essential change in how we talk about addiction: Addiction is now known as a disease that affects the brain its tissues, and effects body. Most people thought of substance use when they hear about addiction, but that is not the only type of addiction. Research sources suggests that addictions to element work same to the patterns of compulsive behavior, like gambling or shopping.
Two Types of Addiction
- Chemical addiction which refers to addiction that includes the use of substances.
- Behavioral addiction which refers to addiction that involves constant behaviors. That persist for long period, repeated behaviors that you carry out even if they do not offer any real advantage.
How Addiction Usually Works
Before getting into the various forms of addiction, it is helpful to understand a few main elements of addiction.
The Reward System
Addiction impedes with normal brain function, usually in the reward system. When you do something you find amusing, whether that’ going out with your best friend, having a bottle of wine, or using cocaine, this system releases the neurotransmitter dopamine along with other chemicals. Contradictory to popular belief, dopamine does not appear to cause feelings of peace.
Cravings and Tolerance
The desire to experience this pleasant feeling again can trigger cravings for the substance or behavior, especially when you experience the same signal (for example party where people are drinking). These cravings often do works as the first sign of addiction. As you continue using a drug or engaging in a conduct, your brain continual to produce larger amounts of dopamine. In the end, it recognizes that there is a heavy amount of dopamine in your brain already and starts producing less in response to normal triggers. There is one problem, though: Your brain’s reward system still needs the same quantity of dopamine to function as it should. Before long, you need to use more of the element or drugs to make up for what your brain is not releasing. This end effect is called tolerance .
Loss of Control
Addiction particularly involves an inability to have control substance abuse or specific behaviors. This can result in job issues, health problems, and relationship concerns, among other things.
Chemical addiction can be tricky to talk about because there is often contradiction around what constitutes substance abuse and addiction.
Common Symptoms of Substance Use Disorder Include
- Cravings high enough to affect your potential to think about other things.
- A need to use more of the substance to undergoes the same effects.
- Uneasiness or discomfort if you cannot easily access the substance.
- Life threatening substance use, like driving or working while using it.
- Problem in managing work, school, or household responsibilities because of substance use.
- Friendship or relationship problems related to substance abuse.
Some of The More Common Addictive Substances Include:
- Opioids use, including both heroin as well as painkillers.
- Cannabis use
- Nicotine intake
- Cocaine addiction
About Behavioral Addiction
Some types of behavioral additions are:
- Gambling addiction
- Internet gaming disorder
As a result, there is no official diagnostic criteria but, general signs of a potential behavioral addiction include:
- Spending a lot of good piece of time engaging in the behavior
- Urges to engage in the behavior even if it badly affects daily life, responsibilities, or relationships.
- Using the behavior to balance unwanted emotions.
- Hiding the behavior
- Problem in avoiding the behavior.
- Irritability, restlessness, anxiety, depression, or other withdrawal symptoms when trying to quit.
Common Behavioral Addictions People Often Needs Therapy:
- Shopping addiction
- Exercise addiction
- Food addiction
- Sex addiction
- Tv addiction
- Social media addiction
Treatments for Behavioral Addictions
It has been observed that controlling an abuse is a quite difficult for an individual without any support from a professional. The basic step of treatment for some forms of substance use disorder, including those that involve alcohol, and heroin, commonly involves medically supervised cleaning. This will not treat the condition, but it can aid people get through the withdrawal process safely and effectively.
Rehabilitation, or residential treatment, involves staying at a treatment facility where professional treatment specialists give medical attention and support. Some programs only last a few weeks, while others may last several months to a year. Many rehabilitation programs and training also incorporate elements of the following treatment approaches.
Psychotherapy is effect making therapy and addiction recommendation can aids with recover rapidly, especially if someone started using substances to deal with emotions. A therapist can help them open some of the reasons behind their substance abuse and come up with new coping plans for dealing with challenges.
Medications always help people in controlling their addiction and facilitates in recovery. It can be usually helpful for preventing flashback in people dealing with substance use disorder involving alcohol, nicotine, or opioids. These medications work in variety of ways, but they usually help reduce need for the substance and reduce symptoms of withdrawal. Treatment providers usually recommend using medication in combination with other treatment approaches, like therapy, to address underlying factors.
These programs depend on self-help treatment methods and involve anonymous group support from other people working forward for recovery. Comfort and guidance from others working toward recovery can make a lot of difference. But these programs usually do not give enough support on their own.
Treatments for Behavioral Addictions
As with chemical addiction, many different elements can contribute to behavioral addictions. Treatment protocols can be different, but therapy is usually the first recommendation.
A type of therapy known as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) if often most helpful to get recover from behavioral addictions. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) aims on paying attention to the thoughts and emotions that cause distress and instructing how to re frame them in the moment. It may help in reducing the addictive behaviors when combined with more coping skills. Other types of therapies can also help address root issues that may play a role in behavioral addiction, like relationships concerns.
Self-help groups and other types of family support can help with behavioral addiction, especially when used in combination with therapy and anti-depressants which helps in such kind of addictions.